Talking about epitome of love and Mughal Architecture in India, the first thing to come to one’s mind is Taj Mahal . Another, beautiful symbol of a wife’s love for her beloved husband and a fine example of Mughal architecture is Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi which was built-in the memory of second Mughal Emperor Humayun and is located near Hazrat Nizamuddin in New Delhi. It is one of the prominent historical attraction in Delhi which attracts thousands of visitors everyday.
Some interesting things to know:
- The mausoleum was built at a cost of Rupees 1.5 million which was borne by Humayun’s wife Empress Bega Begum in 1569-70.
- Humayun died in 1556, and the construction of the tomb started in 1569, fourteen years after his death.
- Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect who was the architect died before completing the monument and his son Sayyed Mirza completed the monument.
- It is first structure with extensive use of red sandstone.
- It is regarded as the first major monument built by Mughals with Charbagh garden, a hallmark of Persian gardens and a first in India.The tomb stands in the centre of a square garden, divided into four main parts by causeways (charbagh), in the centre of which ran shallow water-channels. This set a precedent in Mughal architecture which reached it’s peak in Taj Mahal.
- The monument is home to the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, Empress Bega Begum, Hamida Begum, and Dara Shikoh, great-great-grandson of Humayun and son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals.
- The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993 subsequent to which major renovation was started in 1999 out to preserve this archilogical treasure by Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC), in collaboration with Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and was completed in 2003.
Other Tombs in the Complex : Isa Khan Niyazi’s tomb, Afsarwala tomb, Barber’s tomb and Nila Gumbad tomb
- Best time to visit : September – March
- Open: Sunrise to sunset